Explain how radioactive and radiometric dating are related
That means the text of the Bible itself (3300 years ago), the translation of the Torah into Aramaic by Onkelos (100 CE), the Talmud (redacted about the year 500 CE), and the three major Torah commentators.
There are many, many commentators, but at the top of the mountain there are three, accepted by all: Rashi (11th century France), who brings the straight understanding of the text, Maimonides (12th century Egypt), who handles the philosophical concepts, and then Nachmanides (13th century Spain), the earliest of the Kabbalists.
The apples of gold are the secrets held within the silver dish of the Torah Text.
Thousands of years ago we learned that there are subtleties in the Text that expand the meaning way beyond its simple reading. Natural History and Human History There are early Jewish sources that tell us that the Bible’s calendar is in two-parts (even predating Leviticus Rabba which goes back almost 1500 years and says it explicitly).
When we add up the generations of the Bible, we come to 5700-plus years. God could have put the fossils in the ground and juggled the light arriving from distant galaxies to make the world appear to be billions of years old. God being infinite could have made the world that way. In trying to resolve this apparent conflict, it's interesting to look historically at trends in knowledge, because absolute proofs are not forthcoming.
At Harvard, at the Weidner library, they probably have 200,000 books on these same topics. Don't expect that by a simple reading of those sentences you'll know every detail that is held within the text.
The idea of looking for a deeper meaning in Torah is no different than looking for deeper meaning in science.
Just as we look for the deeper readings in science to learn the working of nature, so too we need to look for the deeper readings in Torah. “A word well spoken is like apples of Gold in a silver dish.” Maimonides in The Guide for the Perplexed interprets this proverb: The silver dish is the literal text of the Torah, as seen from a distance.
We have a clock that begins with Adam, and the six days are separate from this clock. That might seem like a modern rationalization, if it were not for the fact that Talmudic commentaries 1500 years ago, brings this information.
In the Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 29:1), an expansion of the Talmud, all the Sages agree that Rosh Hashanah commemorates the soul of Adam, and that the Six Days of Genesis are separate. Because time is described differently in those Six Days of Genesis.Two-thirds of the scientists gave the same answer: "Beginning? Aristotle and Plato taught us 2400 years ago that the universe is eternal.